The Trigeneration is a type of procedure that allows to produce heat, but not only, through a series of Energy plants and operations thanks to which this mechanism can be easily started..Here is what is meant by this process and how it works specifically.
The Trigeneration is a process that can be easily defined as the evolution of cogeneration. In this case we talk abouta production of hot water and electricity through the use of the same production source, which could be a biofuel or a fuel that, being carefully selected, allows it to take advantage of this mechanism. Trigeneration produces water and electricity and a third unexpected result: air or cold water. It is necessary to consider that from an energy source three distinct productions are obtained which can be used in different areas without encountering particular constraints and limitations.
In order to understand how fundamental this process is, especially at the industrial level, it is essential to understand how it is initiated. The first phase consists in the production of electricity: the starter motor of the system, through the source that allows the production of electric current, begins to work once the mechanical energy is transformed into electric. At this point the generator allows you to operate all the different equipment that are connected to the network, thus avoiding that there may be voltage drops and other similar problems.
Subsequently, thanks to the heat that is developed by the scooter, the different heat exchangers that have a specific task come into operation, that is to carry out the recovery of that energy source and then proceed to its distribution. In particular, two completely distinct processes take place that allow both cold and hot water to be obtained, and the same applies to air. A part of the heat is in fact distributed to the dispensing systems present in the various rooms that are intended to air-condition and heat. The second, however, is recovered from the heat exchangers connected to the various refrigerators and other systems that allow the production of cold air. Once this procedure is carried out, the aforementioned instruments absorb heat and through a cooling system, allow fresh air to lower the temperature and keep any perfectly preserved food.
This procedure also takes place when an air conditioning system is used that exploits the same principle of what characterizes classic refrigerators.
If the transformation from mechanical energy to electricity and heat distribution are procedures that also characterize cogeneration, then the systems that produce only these energies, in trigeneration it is important to understand how the phase of transformation of air and hot water into cold takes place. The steam of the hot air and the hot water produced are captured by a coolant present in the refrigeration systems, that is water and lithium bromide or ammonia, which allow to cool considerably the liquid and hot air. The low temperature is then exploited by the refrigerator system, which then goes into operation without causing potential problems to the entire structure that is used. Therefore it is a mechanism that is adequately studied precisely to prevent a series of potential complications and therefore that the entire trigenerationsystem can stop.
When talking about this particular system that manages to produce three completely different sources, it is also important to understand what are the fuels that allow to start the aforementioned production. In most cases, GPL or methane gas is used, which is a fuel that, in addition to being inexpensive, you have the opportunity to exploit the entire system constantly, without encountering any potential interruptions.
The industrial alternative that is used in the various production companies is given by diesel, or the classic fuel that is also used for cars. Also in this circumstance the choice on this instrument derives from the fact that the same is inexpensive, enjoys a good power and at the same time it does not cause potential blockages to the entire trigeneration plant.
The fuel represented by biomass is the third choice of those who use such energy plants: this, although lessexpensive, offers performance that may not be convincing depending on the material that characterizes it.
For example, old wood or other waste materials from which fuel can be obtained may be required in large quantities for the trigeneration system to be used properly.
Other sources that are used as fuel also stand out biodiesel and biogas, which in fact represent two types of completely ecological fuels.
The main advantage that is obtained by exploiting this system for the production of electricity, heat and refrigerant is to be found in the savings that are. The above can be divided into two distinct parts: first there is economic saving, especially in case the type of fuel that you decide to use falls into one of the low-cost types that still offer excellent productivity and power during use.
The second concept related to saving is instead to be found in the fact that the aforementioned system allows to obtain an optimal recovery of the energy that is produced. In a cogeneration plant whose main objective is to produce electricity, during the processing phase of this plant it is possible to see that about seventy percent of the heat produced by the instruments is completely wasted.
This situation is completely absent when it is decided to install a trigeneration system and this is due to the simple fact that the heat that is produced is immediately recovered by the absorbing systems. Therefore it can be seen that every source that comes from a production phase is totally invested in others: in the case of trigeneration, in fact, it is possible to notice how the heat and hot water are recovered by the refrigerating systems of refrigerators, which then immediately go into operation and operate without another operation having to be initiated. Therefore the enterprises have the opportunity to avoid of the expenses that can be very elevated and at the same time of the wastes that have a totally negative impact on the same enterprise.
Here are the reasons that allow you to understand why this type of system tends to be increasingly present within the various companies, which aim to save and maximum operations.